**INTRODUCTION**

The mathematics laboratory is a place where anybody can experiment and explore teaching and learning material. It is a place where one can find a collection of games, puzzles, and etc.

The materials are meant to be used both by the students on their own and with their teacher to explore the world of mathematics, to discover, to learn and to develop an interest in mathematics. The activities create interest among students or in anybody who wants to explore, and test some of their ideas, beliefs about mathematics.

The activities in the maths lab should be appealing to a wide range of people, of different ages and varying mathematical proficiency. While the initial appeal is broad-based, the level of engagement of different individuals may vary. The maths lab activities listed here have been done with students and teachers of different grade levels.

The maths lab provides an opportunity for the students to discover mathematics through doing. Many of the activities present a problem or a challenge, with the possibility of generating further challenges and problems. The activities help students to visualize, manipulate and reason. They provide opportunity to make conjectures and test them, and to generalize observed patterns. They create a context for students to attempt to prove their conjectures.

It is important to note that while in science experiments provide evidence for hypotheses or theories, this is not so in mathematics. Observed patterns can only suggest mathematical hypotheses and conjectures, not provide evidence to support them. (Sometimes, they may help to disprove a conjecture through a counter-example.)

Mathematical truths are accepted only on the basis of proofs, and not through experiment. Mathematics laboratory is a place to enjoy mathematics through informal exploration. It is a place where anyone can generate problems and struggle to get a answer. It is a space to explore and design new mathematical activities. So, the maths lab should not be used to assess students’ knowledge of mathematics. Often mathematics lab takes students knowledge beyond the curriculum.

__NEED AND PURPOSE:__

**Some of the ways in which a Mathematics Laboratory can contribute to the learning of the subject are:**

- It provides an opportunity to students to understand and internalize the basic mathematical concepts through concrete objects and situations.
- It enables the students to verify or discover several geometrical properties and facts using models or by paper cutting and folding techniques.
- It helps the students to build interest and confidence in learning the subject.
- The laboratory provides opportunity to exhibit the relatedness of mathematical concepts with everyday life.
- It provides greater scope for individual participation in the process of learning and becoming autonomous learns.
- The laboratory allows and encourages the students to think, discuss with each other and the teacher and assimilate the concepts in a more effective manner.
- It enables the teacher to demonstrate, explain and reinforce abstract mathematical ideas by using concrete objects, models, charts, graphs, pictures, etc.

__SECTIONS OF MATHEMATICAL LABORATORY:__

Mathematics Laboratory is a place where students can learn and explore mathematical concepts and verify mathematical facts and theorems through a variety of activities using different techniques. These activities may be carried out by the teacher or the students to explore, to learn, to simulate interest and develop favorable attitude towards mathematics.

- Compute section
- Math puzzles and games
- Aptitude section
- Library section

__COMPUTER SECTION: __

There are many more applications in this division. Brain app increases the mind speed level. Magic app improves the thinking power. Numbers app improves the speed of mental arithmetic, concentration and logical thinking. Formulas make the learners clear in basic concepts by recalling formulas. Subject app is used in order to remember the subject ideas. App Fun Math improves the speed of mental arithmetic and thinking power. Quiz app is used to enhance concentration and thinking. Aptitude app gives the shortcuts to solve the problems and increases arithmetic operations and calculations. TNPSC app facilitates learners to face competitive exams. The last app is Vedic Maths app which innovates new ideas for maths related projects.

__MATHS PUZZLES AND GAMES:__

Three basic skills physical skills, cognition skills and emotional skills are built in this division. This division contains many puzzles activities to develop Hand-eye Coordination Skills, Gross Motor Skills and Fine Motor Skills.

__APTITUDE SECTION:__

This division creates utmost interest in Mathematics and gives in depth knowledge. It enables the learner to apply their knowledge in modern industry or teaching. It gives confidence to learner to appear and perform well in campus interviews and in competitive exams.

__LIBRARY SECTION:__

Mathematics library is one of the important sources of acquiring mathematics knowledge and skills. It serves the purpose of inculcating good reading and study habits which help in promoting self study and independent work among students, with the advent of information technology and cyber, there is a growing decline in the reading of books.

The different types of problems and approaches available in different books help the students in developing their problem – solving ability and adopting different problem solving, thus making them more open minded and independent. Classroom teaching may leave many gaps. A good library provides opportunities for filling up the gaps removing the doubts.